Monday, January 20, 2020
Religious Festivals "Religious festivals in Christianity and Hinduism" The concept of religion has many different definitions, particularly amongst different societies and cultures. Many of the assumptions we hold about the characteristics of religion are given to us by the society we live in or by our community. Which for some people may be a religious community. When dealing with the signs of religion, there would be general agreement that Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism and Sikhism are religions, if for no other reason than because this is how they are described. Christianity is a community which holds certain beliefs in a commune, a faith community. It is a set of beliefs which draws the Christian community together. At the heart of the Christian faith, is the assertion that Jesus, a God-made man was put to death in a way that many people could not comprehend. Christianity shares a number of beliefs and practices with other religions, particularly Judaism and Islam. With Judaism and Islam, Christians believe in one God, who created the Universe and all that is in it. All believe that this God is active in history, guiding and teaching his people. All three religions, including Christianity, have been called, "ethical monotheism". This term emphasises the belief in one God, and the fact that following this God commits us to a number of ethical rules or principals. India's population consists of many followers of many religions and many people who have rejected religion in any form. The Republic of India has a constitution which allows the religious freedom of all, but does not give a privileged position to any one religion. More than eighty percent of India's population are Hindus. Hindus worship not one, but many "Gods", they tend not to think of Hinduism as a religion, but as a "way of life". The classical theory of the origins of Hinduism, traces the religions roots to the Indus civilisation circa 4000 to 2200 BCE. The development of Hinduism was influences by many invasions over thousands of years. The major influences occured when light-skinned, nomadic "Aryan" Indo-European tribes invaded Northern India (circa 1500 BCE) from the steppes of Russia and Central Asia. They brought with them their religion of "Vedism". These beliefs mingled with the more advanced indigenous Indian native beliefs, often called the "Indus Valley Culture". An important thing that these groups all have in common is that they come together to express their beliefs and practices.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Workplace discrimination can be reflected in many ways, gender, age group, race, nationality or disability and can have legal and fiscal consequence for a company (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007). Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) are some of the laws and regulations that make discrimination unlawful in the conditions and terms of job, for example hiring, evaluation, and promotion. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s important for administrators to identify different types of discrimination and defend against employees in the place of work (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007). The measures a company may have the appropriate adjustments for employees with disabilities, or those with a known drug abuse problem, the employees with a known drug abuse problem, the companies must have an arrangement on announcing a pre-employment in addition to a post-employment alcohol and drug test. An employee with a drug abuse issue may be in the company code of breach. The company can offer technique to re-employ the employee in matters of rehabilitation status is complete. Alternatively if the employee has an alcohol abuse the company should inform the employee of internal or external counseling aid or treatment (UOP, 2014). The alternatives for the employee are termination, counseling or therapy, or warning. These solutions can benefit the employee and employer. As for disable persons applying for a job, there is The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) employment agencies, labor unions, and joint labor-management committees (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007). Executive agencies of the United States government are exempt from the ADA, but these agencies are covered instead by similar nondiscrimination requirements and additional affirmative employment requirements under Section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007). The challenges may include inaccessible equipment or amenities or perhaps a procedures or regulations should meet the criteria. Good accommodating dismisses these challenges for a disabled employee. This where the ADA brings in companies to establish accommodations for their disabled employees, . Therefore, they appreciate the privileges and benefits of theÃ employment. Factors according to per sonality, attitude toward work, and future upward mobility should be considered when hiring. A candidates goal-settings, work attitudes, and, are considered elements that justify the process of employment. These characteristics are essential and effective to the companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ modern office environments. In addition, applicants may believe a possible discrimination towards themselves regarding the company but it is not the case in the hiring process. The two applicants selected were a female and Judaic. The female employee made accusations of sexual harassment regarding two co-workers in her work group and had assumptions of her manager behavior was unjust when evaluating her work performance concerning the reported accusations. The issue should examine thoroughly, and companies indeed react with the professional manner in this sort of conduct to remain clear of any sexual harassment. The Judaic employee reported of his religious beliefs on the project given to him by a manager regarding the advertisement of a meat product. This was altered for the employee regarding reli gious affiliation but costly. This cases that have arisen with the two candidates selected had legal advice from the company Legal Counselor for HHP. Her choices include credentials and abilities for the workplace; not sex, impairment of faith, and not race. The company president concernÃ¢â¬â¢s with a female employee working in the surroundings of a white male environment and Manager, the Executive Director uncertainty of employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s support of African-American rights in addition to feminist status. These characteristics should not be an interest of concern in the hiring process (UOP, 2014). Title VII is a federal government law and a work contract, verbal or written and should comply with the laws and regulations of the job. Title VII may bypass the job atmosphere and conditions specified in a written job agreement between a company and worker. The job contract wonÃ¢â¬â¢t bypass Title VII; but, Title VII will bypass the contract. Before Title VII, the company could employ and terminate an employee for any given reason. Title VII forbids discrimination in employing, firing, coaching, promotion, discipline or any other office decisions. (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007). Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) cover all private employers, state and local governments, and education institutions which use fifteen or over persons (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007). A work agreement doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t permit orÃ legalize any action o f discrimination that is covered by Title VII. Title VII overrode the job atmosphere and office conditions (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2007). Religious values should be accommodated with a good faith effort by the company (UOP, 2014). Moreover, the Executive Director was worried about the employee having the ability to travel to deal with customers; however he is a protected under the rules of ADA. With the introduction of the latest technology could allow the specific employee to able to teleconferences or net conferences with customers and still meet his job conditions (UOP, 2014). Reference Bennett- Alexander, D. D., & Hartman, L. P. (2007). Employment law for business (5th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. UOP. (2014). Simulations: Preventing Workplace Discrimination [Multimedia]. Retrieved from UOP, MGT/434 website.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
America is the land of the free and home of the brave. As American citizens, we enjoy exercising our liberties and fighting for what we believe in. This includes freedom in regards to romance, love, and marriage. Yet, sometimes our cultural backgrounds and family interfere with our given liberties. Movies, and other forms of artistic expression, often point out societal flaws and bring to light underlying issues. Comedic expression is a popular way to get across serious points, because the audience is more receptive to humor and happiness than anger and sadness. It is just like the old adage Ã¢â¬Å"you catch more flies with honey than with vinegar.Ã¢â¬ This is why we see big issues of politics, materialism, environmentalism, and so forth taken to the screen to reach a larger audience. For example, the movie Supersize Me successfully brought attention to the negative health and environmental impact of fast food chains. Even though the movies It Happened One Night and My Big Fat Gre ek Wedding are decades apart, they both bring attention to the underlying concerns for how young people meet and fall in love. Cultural background, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status are factors in determining a socially acceptable couple. This can unfortunately perpetuate racism through endogamy. Endogamy requires people to marry within their own group. In America, we are a melting pot of cultures, and sometimes cultures will demand their members marry only members of the same background. In My Big FatShow MoreRelatedThe Role of Food and Recipes in Like Water for Chocolate by Laura Esquivel1140 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe role of food and recipes in Like Water for Chocolate by: Laura Esquivel From the time of Adam and eve, food is always a very essential need of human life. Due to good or bad eating habits and the difference in human body sizes is always noted. Eating a lot does not guarantee good health as eating balanced diet. Many individual eat certain groups of foods mostly due to their cultures, backgrounds, geographic locations and also the economic status of their families and their ethnic groups. UnlikeRead MoreThe Likeliness of Being Different1504 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbecause of that everything that happens in during our lifetime is a contribution to our development as human beings. Frances Klagsbrun s article Long-Term Marriages tries to explains the secrets being long lasting marriages. The article resembles our first assignment where we had to go out and interview couples about their marriage recipe. Klagsbrun clearly writes from a North American point of view. She divides the Ã¢â¬Å"secretsÃ¢â¬ into eight categories: an ability to change and tolerate change, anRead MoreDivorce Is More Popular Than Marriage868 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespopular than marriage. As soon as you say,Ã¢â¬ I do,Ã¢â¬ the odds are not in your favor. One in two couples do not survive, they get divorced. Society is in a downward spiral with making a marriage last. We have become quitters; when times get hard we quit. The small things are the most important in a marriage. There are easy ways to make a marriage last. Having a healthy sexual relationship is vital for any marriage. Remembering the reason why you got married to begin with is important in a marriage. ThereRead MoreWhat Is A Happy Marriage? Essay1444 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhat Is A Happy Marriage? - A 16 Step Guide To Becoming Your Wife s Prince Charming By M B Laloli Feb 26, 2013 What is a happy marriage? All little girls dream of kissing a frog and ending up in a fairy tale romance with a handsome prince. Fairy tales such as The Frog Prince, Snow White and Cinderella embedded in our our minds a belief that life is full of magic. Subconsciously, the little girl in your wife dreams of a handsome prince to lead her through life s journey. However she has become disenchantedRead MoreSuccessful Marriage : A Social And Spiritual Relationship Of Man1179 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSuccessful Marriage People all over the world understood marriage as a social and spiritual relationship of man and woman. Most religious institutions exclude homosexuals. According to a Merriam-Webster Dictionary Ã¢â¬Å"Marriage [is] the state of being united to a person as a spouse in a legal, consensual, and contractual relationship recognized and sanctioned by and dissolvable only by law.Ã¢â¬ However, this formal definition does not picture today s times. The modern definition can be constructedRead MoreThe Tunnel Of Love Song By Bruce Springsteen1341 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbeat and fun, instead the album is more down beat and sounds somewhat sad. This album as a whole shows us that when someone doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t understand himself/herself it can hurt his or her relationship, and lead to unfaithfulness. Springsteen refers to marriage in the songs Ã¢â¬Å"Walk like a ManÃ¢â¬ , Cautious Man, and Spare Parts. Ã¢â¬Å"Cautious ManÃ¢â¬ is a song about a man who enjoyed his life of solitude and wandering, and always chose the life he was used to over love until one day when a woman caught his attentionRead MoreMy Morher and Her Sister637 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesenjoyment of life. The story is written by the first person narrator, who has just lost her mother. We never hear that is a woman, but I assume she is because she is feeling guilty in connection with aunt Lucy. Her approach on happiness with a happy marriage, seems to be feminine. A man wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t care that much about serving a food. Lucy is the sister of the narratorÃ¢â¬â¢s mother. Luce is 75 years old. Lucy was married for 49 years but now she is a widow and she is a mother for five children. All herRead MoreWedding Toast Essay614 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagessupportive as I could. 2. After only a couple weeks, she told me she had been talking with someone named Glenn and that she was going on a date with him that coming weekend 3. Although I was still skeptical, I could tell she was happy and I was very happy for her. However, like any good sister would, I let her know that IÃ¢â¬â¢d be sitting by my phone waiting to fake an emergency for her if the date wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t going well. 4. Fortunately that wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t necessary, and the day I met Glenn I saw whyRead MoreThe Storm by Kate Chopin1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageslife. Chopin shows a dramatic scene between Alcee and Calixta during the time of a storm that is passing by. Chopin states a non judgemental spot about refraining from morals about the purity of marriage especially calixta. Chopin drenches in Ã¢â¬Å"The StormÃ¢â¬ a strong feminist and makes a good question about marriage. The presence of Calixtas sexual desire and its intensity make this story revolutionary in its feminist statement about female sexuality. Chopin uses the conceit of a thunderstorm to describeRead MoreIs Meat The New Ring?1605 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescall to self-awareness (Britannica). Based off the short biography, Rosario CastellanoÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Cooking LessonÃ¢â¬ is the perfect postmodern piece of writing to discuss for three reasons. The first being throughout her entire Ã¢â¬Å"Cooking LessonÃ¢â¬ she ponders a Ã¢â¬Å"recipeÃ¢â¬ to debunk stereotypical upper middle class gender roles, like being a Ã¢â¬Å"society matronÃ¢â¬ , later refuting her claims by sprinkling hints of feminist sarcasm through her internal monologue. She specifically does this by referring to a wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s role as
Friday, December 27, 2019
Iraklii Lortkipanidze A11551208 Professor Magagna Midterm Significance of the family in East Asian thought Family in the East Asian Culture is considered the root foundation of all the beliefs, ideas and concepts that one might require as they grow and develop into a successful Independent human being. Similarly to the other civilizations, East Asia is a place where family is very important, but in East Asia, the families are given more consideration and more focus as it is seen as the human root, which every other human institution grows out of. It can grow well and thrive or it can grow poorly and be deformed. But as families go, from the East Asian point of view, the whole society is based upon the root of the family, rather thanÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦However, in order to become a successful human being, human nature is something that to a certain extent needs to be individually developed through oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own challenges and experiences. At some point in a personÃ¢â¬â¢s life, significantly at an early age, they are ultimately helpless, therefore they need the attention and guidance of the family to be put on the right path to achieve and flourish a s a human being. This is why the family is the core of humanization and education. This is where the values of family and responsibility play a vital role in guiding and promoting the right beliefs and concepts for the development of successful, well-developed human beings. This also means that mothers have an extremely important role in the East Asian families, because they nourish and educate their children from adolescence till they can become independently grown individuals (Magagna, Oct 13). Such nourishment and uprising, also requires the person to experience events solely by themselves, forming their own opinion and judgment. Therefore, requiring one to self-cultivate and prosper. While the Self-cultivation can be done anywhere, the most important and logical place to do it would be at home, where one receives the humanization and education from their parents. Even if the individual canÃ¢â¬â¢t go to college to develop such experiences, they can still receive the self-cultiv ation to the wider world at home from their family (Magagna, Oct 13). Therefore, this means that the
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Art that portrays wars and battles By Skyler Zeigler and Brooke Reynolds Art portraying wars and battles throughout the ages~ Throughout time, many artists have used plenty of types of art styles to make great art that shows:how they feel, certain major events, and just plain anything . As you may know, there is plenty of art in the world and it just keeps growing , growing in music, paintings, drawings, etc. Wars have been huge major events in the world, and not everyone can see these wars of how they affect the world. Because of this many artists around the world have painted, drawn, sang, and so on, about wars for everyone to see the effects of war. Art Styles Before you can go into a world of art, you must understand thatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦They fought and defeated the Prussians. The emperor is sitting on the light colored horse, reaching his arm out to the people who have died, and those who are wounded. Leading Liberty The People Painted by EugÃ ¨ne Delacroix, completed in May 1831. The painting shows the July Revolution, and how the people all came together in the name of France to overthrow Charles X. Known as Ã¢â¬Å"Trois GlorieusesÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"Three Glorious DaysÃ¢â¬ . Battle of MaipÃ º ItÃ¢â¬â¢s unknown on who painted it, but all we know is that the painter completed it in 1837. The painting shows Chile during its fight for independence, located near Santiago, the capital of Chile. This battle ended the Spanish military rule of Chile. The Remnants of an Army By Elizabeth Butler Finished in 1879 During the Anglo-African War In this painting, there is a man who survived a massacre during the Anglo-African war. She said it Ã¢â¬Å"shows British heroismÃ¢â¬ and that it reflects her feelings on the war. Birth of the Irish Republic Painted by Walter Paget, and created in March 1929. The painting shows the warfare during the Easter Rising, and how many were wounded and killed for the independence of Ireland. There are many editions of the painting, but this is the oil painting that he painted. Guernica By Pablo Picasso Finished in 1937 During the Spanish Civil War This painting shows that during wars and battles, it wasn t just soldiersShow MoreRelatedThe Art of Rhetoric in the Metamorphoses1446 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Art of Rhetoric in the Metamorphoses Among the numerous passages covered in The Metamorphoses of Ovid, there are many stories regarding the origins of the Earth, the activities of the Roman gods, and some of RomeÃ¢â¬â¢s significant rulers and founders. Within each of these stories, Ovid injects an overall idea that can be taken away from the text. Many of these overall ideas are themes and lessons, but also there are arts that are illustrated to the reader such as poetry, singing, or weaving. Read MoreThe Battle Of Algiers ( A Reenactment Of Algeria s Fight For Independence1328 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesaspect of art is that it is open to interpretation and analysis. If the piece of art is significant, it will be thought or emotion provoking and uncensored. It is not the role of art take cautious steps in an attempt to leave its audience unoffended, but rather to embrace diversity of thought and creativity to portray untainted ideas. FilmmakingÃ¢â¬âbeing a form of artÃ¢â¬âfollows the same guidelines and thus shape s society through its objectionable and often jarring subject matter. The Battle of AlgiersRead MoreExcellence and the Fulfillment of Ones Purpose is the Philosophy of Classical Greece1158 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Aristeia* A scene in the rhetorical devices of epic poetry where a hero in battle has his most excellent and glorified points. Aristeia can be the effect of the loss of life for the protagonist. Example 1: Book 5 of the Iliad is an example of aristeia, in which Diomedes prays to Athena for revenge, and the goddess endows him with superhuman strength and the extraordinary power to discern gods on the field of battle. Example 2: Throughout the Aeneid, the reader is conscious of the goal for whichRead MoreThe Face Of Battle : A Study Of Agincourt, Waterloo, And The Somme 872 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"The Face of Battle: a study of Agincourt, Waterloo, and the SommeÃ¢â¬ Summary The book Ã¢â¬Å"The Face of Battle: a study of Agincourt, Waterloo, and the SommeÃ¢â¬ authored by John Keegan is a non-fiction resource dedicated to enlightening the reader concerning the history of the military with the emphasis being between the 1960s and 1970s. Keegan provides a more detailed and accurate representation of combat in three fundamental battles in British history, and these include Agincourt, Waterloo, and Somme.Read MoreI Know Why The Caged Bird Sings By Maya Angelou And The Stone Carvers By Jane Urquhart1663 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe history of the world encompasses many wars that tragically left an impact to those who live in it. Blood-soaked battles, sleepless nights, and constant notion of terror are only few samples of what soldiers lived through. One may argue though that the lives of the families and friends of the soldiers were just as appalling. Constant fear invaded each individualÃ¢â¬â¢s mind since people had no idea how the troopers were doing. Perh aps the outcome of the war scarred many and impacted the lives of virtuousRead MoreArt Piece 2 : Arch Of Titus Essay1525 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesArt piece 2: Arch of Titus Dated: This art piece was dated Basic outline: Titus emperor who died Built by his bro, Domitian Triumphal arch Passageway on Sacred Way Inscriptions, friezes telling war stories. Details: The domitian built this arch on the road leading into the Roman Forum to honor his brother, the emperor Titus, who became a god after his death. Victories fill the spandrels of the arcuated passageway. Freestanding/ triumphal arch Material: The concrete and white marble, (originallyRead MoreThe Assassination of Julius Caesar1213 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesaccepting his inherited power. But before Augustus could gain any control in Rome he had to defeat his opposition, Mark Antony who also sought to gain control of Rome at the time. Augustus managed to defeat Antony during the Final War of the Roman Republic. As the wars between potential leaders continued the people of Rome grew tired of the bloodshed and political uncertainty, so they began to yearn for some stability in Rome. The lust for political steadiness from the citizens and senate of RomeRead MoreNature Methaphors in The Battle of Issus and Starry Night Essay1232 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmeaning in many ways in art. During the Northern Renaissance Albrecht Altdorfer was one of the most distinguished painters known for his expressively detailed landscapes. The Battle of Issus done by Altdorfer focused on nature to further amplify AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s victorious battle. Three hundred and sixty years later, the Dutch artist Vincent Van Gogh creates a work that also showed how nature can bring emotion and significance to his painting Starry Night. Albrecht AltdorferÃ¢â¬â¢s The Battle of Issus in one ofRead MoreAnalysis Of Stephen Crane s A Girl Of The Streets 1494 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesnaturalism (Perosa 94). His works portray the harshest of realities, from the crime and disease ridden streets brought to life in Maggie, to his take on the atrocities of battle in The Red Badge of Courage. Crane pushed his strong messages of Ã¢â¬Å"environmentÃ¢â¬ being a determining element in life, and his belief that there are no Ã¢â¬Å"heroes,Ã¢â¬ only different individuals in different situations. Crane himself was part of the 19th-century movement for naturalism in art, or the Ã¢â¬Å"contemporary ideas of scienceRead MoreA Changing Europe : Influence Of War On Art1417 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages A Changing Europe: The Influence of War on Art Through its four year course, World War I ravaged all of Europe, leaving no one unaffected by its violent nature. Those who either opposed or supported the war made sure to vocalize their thoughts through literature or speech. In the same vein, Artists compiled their thoughts on the war through a different mediumÃ¢â¬âart. In this essay, I will analyze the differing views between Ernst JÃ ¼ngerÃ¢â¬â¢s Storm of Steel to both pre and post-WWI
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss about theHalf a Defence of Positive Accounting Research. Answer: Introduction There are three goals for Positive Science one is development of hypothesis or theory, second is that the theory so developed shall have valid predictions and thirdly the predictions so formed should be of the phenomena which have not been observed. In other words, positive accounting helps in explaining and predicting particular phenomena. The main aim of the study is to develop the explanation for human behavior along with understanding the cause and effect relationships defined as world under the study. In this, the critique has examined the positive accounting research as a part of the large scientific intellectual project. The nature of its being and the nature of its being true and false have been examined in detailed on step to step. The emphasis has been laid on the effectiveness of Positive accounting research as wider project with reference not only to the statistical measures but also to the human behavior in an organization, application of different models and the repeti tion of the application of models so as to get the better results. The study has been completed by collecting data from recent papers which are considered as reliable. Though accounting illustrations must have been used but auditing literature examples have been used for more clear understanding. The study has been detailed in eight clauses. First clause deals with introduction and second deals with the details of scientific research project. In the third clause, examples of positive research in accounting have been mentioned and in fourth the reason for the existence and knowledge of the scientific project has been explained. In the fifth clause, hypothesis testing has been examined along with the details for requirements of successful research program in clause six. Seventh clause answers as to why there has been a gap between the practicing of the positive accounting research as actual and as required. The last clause concludes the study with the summary of the paper. Summary Of The Article The article has started with the abstract of the study and has provided the gist of the study stating Watt and Zimmerman has applied the Positive accounting theory for particular field but for the purpose of the study the positive accounting research will be considered as long scientific research project which can be applied in all the fields. He has stated in the beginning of introduction that its being a wider intellectual project which help in understanding the cause and effect relationship in the world. It means for every effect that happened in any field there always be cause and through this study he has very well explained the cause and effect relationship which has indeed helped him to form different conclusions. At the first he has argued that the positive accounting research has much wider scope than positive accounting theory. Positive accounting theory only considers the rational human behavior as the understanding factor whereas positive accounting research make one understand of specific accounting phenomena without rational human behavior rather considering non rational aspects which qualifies it as a scientific research project. Thereafter, he made arguments at each stage whether relating to hypothesis or describing the scientific research project. The major view that has been outlined in the study is examining the nature of existence of and the nature of knowledge about the positive research. He thereafter identifies the gap between the accounting research currently prevailing and the accounting research that should have been followed. This gap has been analyzed through various models including Poppers criteria of testing and Choi et al. model. By identifying the gap, he has provided the suggestions to improve and have laid down the factor which helps in development of successful research program. Research Question The question on which the study has been based is that whether or not positive accounting research contributes to the world in the study with the main focus on understanding the human behavior and the reasons for such behavior in an organizations where various decisions or work are mostly carried out under the specified control systems, for instance university manager working under the planning and budget department. If the aforesaid system is present where the humans working in an organizations works only under the pressure, then there may be chances of having quality issues in the work and which is considered as matter of serious concern by the management. For this, the organizations undertake various tests including hypothesis or by way of different person to person models. The research question so described is very important as it forms the basis of effective working of the positive accounting research which is currently being practiced in the field of accounting. It has started from Watts and Zimmerman view of claiming positive accounting theory as useful for assessing the human behavior and has extended at each and every stage such as Kuhn Model where he has provided disciplinary matrix where puzzles can be easily solved irrespective of the fact whether it will contribute towards the wider scientific project. The same model has gained importance after some time and useful for the elite group and the critiques consider the Kuhns finding has fit for its positive accounting research. Also the research questions has been flowed from very best example from the Scientific Ontology and epistemology where the self centered behavior of the humans has been considered that too with the rationality. It underlines the problem of agency where the person works as an agent of his / her principal. Studies have underlined that if humans works without another person control then the purpose of scientific research will be defeated. With these considerations and literature be hind the study the research question has been envisaged. Theoretical Framework Framework is defined as the structure within which particular problem can be solved or particular research can be undertaken or particular person can works in department, etc. Theories are the written representation, made by different authors, which are used for determining particular cause of future action or for laying down the frame for building the structure. Theoretical framework means the structure which has been established through the means of different theories. Theoretical framework has been established using various ideologies and works of authors. Some theories of Sophist and others have been laid down which makes impossible for the critique to conduct the research. The instance of such theory is that nothing exists, if exists then nobody knows about it and in case if someone knows about it and he or she cannot communicate the same fact to others. Further the framework has been extended by the use of Positive Accounting Theory by Watts and Zimmerman where its states that the process of accounting are mainly due to the self centered behavior of persons working in various types of organizations. The Significance and Limitations of The Article The article is very useful for understanding the human behavior in the different contexts. It has contributed to the wider scientific project. The article has built the platform from the theories of his own assumption of having different world to the theories of sophists then to the application of model of Watts and Zimmerman and then to the Poppers Model which in itself is big one and so on. Thereafter, hypothesis and falsification testing has been done using Poppers Model. The Model has been very well explained by giving an example of Pioneer 10 and 11 spacecraft. The literature of auditing has been used throughout the study which has helped in understanding the behavior of individuals more clearly. It is because auditors are considered as an independent person and have no personal bias with any other person where otherwise employees working in an organization may have conflicts of interest and other such issues. In the study, the author has very well acknowledged the limitations. The major limitation is that illustrations have not been provided with respect to the real world in the statistical calculations so that the reader can understand that area in total. Another major limitation is that the human behavior shall also be mentioned more deeply with the help of examples. He has drawn well defined theoretical conclusions from the study which helps the readers or other researchers to work further. These limitations have not hampered the significance of the article in any way. It is because the findings are not dependent on the limitation factor rather the findings have come out with the more clear suggestions. Conclusion Positive accounting research is regarded as part of the intellectual project of scientific research. The research has undertaken to make the readers understand the cause and effect relationship that prevails in the world as defined in the article. The study has listed out various theories for testing the research along with different models. With the application of Popper Model and Kuhns Model, the author has defined that positive accounting research as scientific project rather than the positive accounting theory. To conclude the report, the article is well drafted, prepared and have provided many knowledgeable matters to the readers through which they can undertake the testing of their predictions in comparison with old to new theories. References Watts R. and Zimmerman L. (1990), Positive Accounting Theory : A Ten YearPerspective,availableon https://faculty.etsu.edu/pointer/watts%26zimmerman2.pdf accessed on 13/12/2016. Milne M, (2001), Positive Accounting Theory, Political Costs and Social Disclosure Analysis : A Critical Look, available on https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.199.7620rep=rep1type=pdf accessed on 13/12/2016. Kabir M., Positive Accounting Theory and Science, available on https://centrum.pucp.edu.pe/adjunto/upload/publicacion/archivo/positiveaccountingtheoryandscience.pdf accessed on 13/12/2016. Financial Accounting Theory, Summary The Positive Theory of Accounting, available on www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/management/acctfin/courses/.../group82.doc accessed on 13/12/2016. Outline of Positive Accounting Theory available on www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/management/acctfin/courses/.../group84.doc accessed on 13/12/2016. Sterling R, (1990), Positive Accounting : An Assessment , ABACUS, pages 98-130 Watts R. and Zimmerman L. (1986),Positive Accounting Theory, New Jersey : Prentice Hall.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Once upon a time, in a kingdom far, far away, there lived a peculiar girl. She had cropped hair flecked with damp Pacific sand and deep knowing eyes the color of a red cedar in the rain. Every day the girl awoke in her bedroom built of music and books, looked into the ominous dark forest, and decided whether it would be a Birkenstocks with socks day or a Birkenstocks without socks day. She ate her porridge of oats, soy milk, and fruit, drank her bitter coffee in just two gulps, and walked outside into the temperate rainstorm. Such was each morning, and each morning was good. The young girl asked many questions, and in this way she learned about the world. Soon her brain began to see the days as parabolas, the conversations as chords and dissonances, and the friendships as woven baskets. The Earth became magical and hope became truth. We will write a custom essay sample on The Tale of the Peculiar Girl or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page One day, a great storm befell the kingdom. The storm was like nothing the young girl had ever seen, and was not from the skies. Inside her heart and her soul and her mind the storm raged Ã¢â¬â for the peculiar girl had realized that in all her questioning, not once had she asked what was right and what was wrong. Heeding the darkness of the storm, she embarked on a quest for enlightenment. A great many years later, the not-so-young girl arrived at a castle where she was to learn the algorithms and words and ideas of the world. This castle was ruled and its laws set by the King of Catholicism from his distant home in Vatican City. The girl did not understand these strange laws. She did not understand why a King who preached love would spread inequality. She did not understand why two citizens who wholly loved each other must be banished if they happened to be both women or both men. And she did not understand why the King refused to allow his citizens to question these laws. The peculiar girls mind churned for days and weeks and months until she knew she must disobey the laws of the great King. On the sunniest day of the fourth month of the second year, the girl approached the leader of the castle. Seeking permission to form a group for women who love women, men who love men, and the vast number of people falling in between, the girl begged the leader using every magical potion of persuasion she possessed. But the leader would not yield, and the girl was denied. That night, she cried and cried until her tears watered an idea; the peculiar girl would have to form the group in secrecy, for its existence was still vital to the Kingdom. She found several citizens and a location in the basement dungeon of the nearby castle, and in this way, her idea grew. The first of many meetings of this group was filled with tearful stories, hopeful smiles, and devious plans. With each week, the group gained confidence, allowing ideas to escape from the dungeon with petitions, letters, interviews, rumors, and hope. In the years that followed, the not-so-young-but-still-peculiar girl continued to water her idea and her idea continued to grow. Baskets were woven, chords created, and parabolas summited. Soon, the idea grew so large that the greatest of storms could not overpower it Ã¢â¬â and the storm of the girls youth had passed. The girl was good and her future was bright. No longer confined to her fairy tale, the peculiar girl has begun to seek a new castle with a benevolent ruler in which she might pursue the true wisdom of the world and live happily ever after.